Fig. They are salt-tolerant, prefer full to part sun and are drought-tolerant once established. Natal plum is easy to propagate using stem cuttings which can be taken at any time of the year. Rich in vitamin C, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus these little guys are not just tasty but good for you. Fruit is tangy. Most poisonous plant databases rate this plant, a relative of highly toxic oleander, as mildly toxic, with common listed symptoms including nausea, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. Plum fruit require 140 to 170 days. ground cover shrub as well. What more could we ask for from a plant? leaves, so they're best planted away from foot traffic - at least 3 Emerald Blanket stays low - about 1-1/2 feet tall. Learn how to get instant curb appeal with fast growing plants and landscaping techniques! Natal Plum is the largest of the three, and has a bit more of an open foliage pattern to it. Natal Plum is a fabulous plant for people to use and its so drought tolerant you can’t believe it, it’s also bright green and has a little delicate white flower that smells like gardenias. Natal plum, like many other plants in the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family, have parts that are toxic. It has vicious thorns! Some of the many popular local cultivars include: 'Green Carpet' 'Tuttle' 'Boxwood Beauty' 'Prostrata' 'Tomlinson' Natal plums are not picky about soil, so long as it is well-drained. They are flat and occur in a cluster. The Natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa) is a member of the Dogbane or Apocynaceae family. Bullet proof when established. Does well near the ocean, makes a very attractive, dense The Natal plum is a beautiful tropical shrub grown mostly as a flowering landscape specimen, but also for its small fruits, which taste like cranberries and are used in jams and jellies. GOOD SNOWBIRD PLANT? Negative: On Nov 8, 2008, mavoufl from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: After growing well for the first year, this fall our long border of natal plum is dying stem by stem, plant by plant. Rich in vitamin C, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus these little guys are not just tasty but good for you. Natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa or C. grandifolia) blooms mainly in summer, and sporadically all year long, so that throughout most of the year you’ll have both flowers and pretty little red fruit present on the shrub. Emerald Blanket is the dwarf cultivar, and its low spreading habit makes it an ideal ground cover shrub. You can also add in composted cow manure to enrich the soil around the root ball. You may see Florida red scale (Chrysomphalus aonidum) or aphids, which can be removed with horticultural soap. Carissa macrocarpa is a shrub native to Southern Africa. Good drainage is very important. In addition to its use as a groundcover, Natal plums make excellent screens or hedges when planted on four to five foot centers. An ebook by Chase Landreauthor of South-Florida-Plant-Guide.com. You should not have many pest problems with this shrub. The earliest varieties are picked in mid May which is only about 75 days from flowering (early March). May 20, 2013 - Carissa varieties 'Natal Plum', 'Boxwood Beauty' and 'Emerald Blanket' grow slowly, can be kept small, and have some of the most exquisitely beautiful deep green foliage of all … These slow-growing plants are all cold hardy and do very well in all areas of South Florida. It is salt tolerant and requires low maintenance. It’s tolerant of various lighting conditions and is a popular landscaping plant. They can be used in mass plantings, grown in planters or borders. The agricultural extension department at the University of Florida says the dwarf varieties of Natal plum are effective ground covers, because their dense foliage blocks out weeds. Most varieties of this shrub have sharp spines, so it can work well as a barrier or hedge. Carissa varieties 'Natal Plum', 'Boxwood Beauty' and 'Emerald Blanket' grow slowly, can be kept small, and have some of the most exquisitely beautiful deep green foliage of all South Florida shrubs. The ultimate guide to low-maintenance plants, ©2020 South-Florida-Plant-Guide.com Natal plums are common in Rockport/Corpus landscapes and do indeed have small seeds--about 13 per fruit and the size of a slightly flattened BB --clustered in the center of the fruit. Natal Plum Bush Info. This will help maintain the shrub's general health and promote fruiting. (syn. Natal Plum and Boxwood Beauty have tiny spikes on the tips of their At this point, the cuttings can be potted into larger containers or transplanted into the garden. May 12, 2013 - Carissa varieties 'Natal Plum', 'Boxwood Beauty' and 'Emerald Blanket' grow slowly, can be kept small, and have some of the most exquisitely beautiful deep green foliage of all … Grow Natal plum in a location that receives full sun for the best results. feet. These plants are salt-tolerant and do well near coastal areas. Unlike stifling inland temperatures, this area is cooled by sea breezes. These make good container plants and can be trained as 110: Beautiful of foliage, flower and fruit, the thorny carissa ( Carissa grandiflora) is primarily an ornamental but the fruits are edible and enjoyable. The ultimate guide to low-maintenance plants and landscaping! Plants grow in different regions and habitats. Natal Plum grows large if you wait long enough but can be trimmed to 3 feet. Prefers sun or partial shade, regular water, drought tolerant once established. It is not related to true Plums, which are members of the Rose family. Natal Plum Tree (carissa macrocarpa) – Intensely night fragrant, snowy white flowers bloom for months on the low shrub. The Natal Plum (Carissa macrocarpa Tuttlei) can be used as a formal hedge along house walls or bordering walkways. Fragrant white star-shaped flowers, red plum-like fruit. Dwarf Natal Plum Boething Treeland Farms grows over 1,200 varieties of trees, shrubs, perennials and specialty plants on ten California nurseries to serve the wholesale landscape and nursery industries throughout the Western United States and beyond. The leaves, especially If you have grown a specific variety and wish to have more plants, propagate them from cuttings to ensure all of the plants have the same characteristics. Pollinated flowers turn into delicious orbs of wonderful vitamin packed goodness. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Boxwood Beauty makes a wonderful compact, mounded shrub, especially nice Water regularly but allow time for these shrubs to dry out a bit between waterings. as a foundation plant. YESCOMPANION PLANT SUGGESTIONS: Juniper, Knock Out rose, orange bird of paradise, variegated pittisporum, Nora Grant and Super King ixora, dwarf bottlebrush, and Burgundy loropetalum. Pretty little flowers smell like gardenias. along as there's good drainage and enough sun. They offer an easy... starting at $9.95. Mature Size: 1-3' high and 3-6' wide, depending on cultivar. Water monthly to weekly depending on the variety, but be careful not to overwater as Natal plum is susceptible to root rot. Make sure soil dries out completely between waterings. It too has a spreading habit and can be used as a The 'Emerald Blanket' Carissa Boxwood is a dwarf variety of the Natal Plum family. The Natal plum thrives in temperatures that range above 68 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and between 50 and 65 degrees at night. All these varieties are said to be deer-resistant, though there are no guarantees. Select 4- to 6-inch cuttings, treat them with rooting hormone, and either insert them in moist sand or place them in a glass of water. All three are attractive shrubs versatile enough to work well in both formal or informal landscape design. This shrub has a moderate to fast growth rate and is best planted (or transplanted) in fall or winter. The fruit of the Natal plum shrub is the only edible part of the plant. While it thrives in full sun, natal plum can adapt to fairly heavy shade and requires only moderate watering and fertilization. Carissa varieties 'Natal Plum', 'Boxwood Beauty' and 'Emerald Blanket' grow slowly, can be kept small, and have some of the most exquisitely beautiful deep green foliage of all South Florida shrubs. Trimming will also prompt the shrub to produce more flowers and fruit. Come out from the house 2 to 2-1/2 feet for the two smaller varieties, 3 feet for the larger one. Natal Plum produces edible fruit (a red "plum") you can make into jelly or pies. Fertilize 3 times a year - spring, summer and autumn - with a top quality granular fertilizer. The number of varieties of this plant is found to be Not Available. A favourite in it's native South Africa where this dense shrub is used as a hedge to keep out the unwanted. Pick them from the shrub as soon as they achieve a dark red or purple color. C. grandiflora A. flower petals. Add top soil or organic peat moss to the hole when you plant. These plants are equally tolerant of humid and dry air conditions, provided they get enough soil moisture. What I … It is drought tolerant and very... starting at $7.95. those of the two larger varieties, grow in a rosette pattern resembling Click here to read our Privacy Policy & Disclaimer, ground cover shrub (Emerald Blanket and Boxwood Beauty). Natal plum is fairly drought-tolerant. The common types of this plant are: Carissa Carandas. It is currently grown in warm regions throughout the world. Natal plum is a perennial shrub native to South Africa. Natal plum is not related to the true plum (Prunus × domestica), but is so-named because of the shape and color of the 1- to 2-inch fruits. Varieties of Natal Plum 'Emerald Blanket' is a dwarf cultivar.It is a low, spreading plant that is often used as a ground cover shrub. In its native region, some varieties grow 18-20' high. Growing habit of the plant is Cushion/Mound-forming. There is little information on this plant in the bonsai literature, which is surprising, as it is readily available and becoming quite popular. Natal plum's thick leaves help it resist desiccation from these persistent winds. It will take about two years for the shrub to mature enough to produce harvestable fruits. Frost-damaged natal plum Unfortunately, the cold temperatures can wreak havoc on our frost tender plants such as bougainvillea, lantana and yellow bells – to name a few. Makes great jams and sauces. We've put together plant groupings to help you visualize how various plants look together. The dark, dense, glossy foliage of the Natal Plum variety is enhanced by occasional starry Let’s face it, no one likes the sight of brown, crispy, frost-damaged plants in the landscape. Once the roots appear, plant the stems in a mix that consists of one part sand, one part peat moss, and two parts loam. The more attractive of these is the carissa, Carissa macrocarpa A. DC. Pretty to look at, delightful aroma. ), also called Natal plum and amantungula. There are many types of Natal Plum. Here's a handy ebook written just for you! In general, these plants prefer a slightly acid or neutral pH, but will tolerate slightly alkaline soil. Positive: On Jun 10, 2009, coecase from Merritt Island, FL wrote: DC. Like Indian hawthorn, Natal plumb is used frequently in commercial landscapes in warmer climates, where its pretty white star-shaped flowers and fragrance are highly prized. Natal plum is a traditional food plant in South Africa because of the highly nutritious, edible fruits. If you're looking for a very small tropical fruit tree for a tight space, and especially if you want a potted fruit tree for your patio, I recommend dwarf sapodilla varieties. 1 Gallon 5 Gallon 15 Gallon; Cassia Artemisiodes: 5.75: 16.50 Cassia Outback 16.50 Golden Medallion 27.50: 47.50: Calla Lily-White: 5.75: 13.75 Calla Lily-Colors Although carissa is considered drought-tolerant, getting watered on a regular, well-timed basis will keep this shrub pretty and healthy. If you have smelled orange blossoms, you know what Natal plum flowers smell like. Each flower features five waxy petals arranged in a star shape. Trimming these plants is rarely necessary, though you may want to trim now and then for size or shape. These were not even on my radar until several years ago, when I heard people talking about how there are now sapodilla varieties … It is commonly known as the Natal plum and, in South Africa, the large num-num.In Zulu, as well as in the Bantu tribes of Uganda, it is called Amathungulu or umThungulu oBomvu.In Afrikaans the fruit is called noem-noem.. C. macrocarpa deals well with salt-laden winds, making it a good choice for coastal areas. It will also do fine in light shade but will likely not have as many flowers and fruits. It makes a nice, full foundation shrub. Compact Natal Plum 'Boxwood Beauty' (Carissa macrocarpa) has no thorns. Use a fertilizer that has equal parts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Natal Plum Tree (carissa macrocarpa) – Intensely night fragrant, snowy white flowers bloom for months on the low shrub. When allowed to grow free-form this plant is perfect as a backdrop in planter beds. Natal Plum will tolerate a variety of soils and exposures and only needs light pruning. Fungal infestation may occur if a Natal plum is overwatered. The seeds inside, however, do not resemble a "plum pit." The state of Natal is located along the Indian Ocean coast of South Africa. Slightly acidic to slightly alkaline (6.1–7.5), Dwarf Fruit Trees You Can Grow in Any Yard, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 11 Great Trees and Shrubs With White Flowers. Because of its double spines —a good identification characteristic —it makes a … Every plant has a peculiar growing habit. Superior as a seaside planting, they also do well in containers, especially the truly dwarf varieties such as ‘Bonsai’ which will grow only about two-feet tall. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Usually 2 to 7 feet, but some varieties can grow to 30 feet. Emerald Blanket is the dwarf cultivar, and its low spreading habit makes it an ideal ground cover shrub. Place the dwarf plants about 2 feet apart, Natal Plum 2-1/2 to 3 feet apart, and Boxwood Beauty can go 3 feet apart. It grows in mounds two to seven high and as wide. Smaller cultivars can be grown as indoor container plants, but make sure thorny varieties are positioned so they won't scratch passers-by. Vigor- ous, fast-growing, rounded shrub to 10 feet tall and wide, with oval, leathery, rich green leaves to 3 inches long. The fruits of Natal plum ripen individually, not all at once. Boxwood Beauty can be kept about 2 feet. Natal Plum. Clusia, Dwarf. They are quite sensitive to cold—young plants cannot tolerate temps below 30 degrees Fahrenheit, and established plants can be killed by temps below 25 degrees. Carissa macrocarpa 'Green Carpet' - Green Carpet Natal Plum Moderately fast growing spreading evergreen broadleaf shrub. The star-like flowers are about 2 inches in diameter and have thick, waxy petals. 'Nana' is a thornless dwarf cultivar that grows to only 12 to 18 inches tall and wide and has white flowers. They also can be grown in front of taller shrubs and small trees to set them off. Compact Natal Plum Boething Treeland Farms grows over 1,200 varieties of trees, shrubs, perennials and specialty plants on ten California nurseries to serve the wholesale landscape and nursery industries throughout the Western United States and beyond. Later varieties don’t mature until late September or early October which is about 210 days from flowering to maturation (Vossen and Silver no date). As you can see, the fruit of the natal plum resembles a plum, hence the common name. They do very well in mobile home planters, as Ebooks that help you grow, design and enjoy your landscape! They will persist in a ripened state on the tree for several days without spoiling. bonsai plants. Keep the new cuttings moist (not wet), and provide bottom heat with a heating pad until new growth begins. Other plants you might like: Dwarf Clusia, Burfordii Holly. A relative of the poisonous Oleander, the stems and leaves of the Natal plum are toxic and should never be consumed. white flowers - blossoming more in springtime. The fruit will store up to one week in the refrigerator and may be used in jams, jellies, pies, and preserves. For best results, plant Natal plum in sandy soil that drains well, as this will help naturally deter root rot. You may need to prune plants that are close to a sidewalk so that pedestrians do not get injured by the spines. Natal plum – carissa sp. You can eat the fruit when it is ripe, but do not eat the leaves or stems. 'Boxwood Beauty' is another thornless variety.It has a mounded growth habit and is often used as a foundation planting or ground cover. The Natal Plum is very clean, easy to maintain and recovers quickly from frost damage. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. As wide moss to the hole when you plant picked in mid may which is only about days! Or borders make good container plants and landscaping techniques come out from the house 2 to feet! Mounds two to seven high and 3-6 ' wide, depending on the low shrub susceptible root. Branch in an opposite arrangement that has equal parts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and low. This shrub March ) plum pit. by occasional starry white flowers - more. Shrub, especially nice as a backdrop in planter beds and edible, red!, Burfordii Holly that range above 68 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and between 50 and 65 degrees night... Along house walls or bordering walkways vitamin C, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus little! Mid may which is only about 75 days from flowering ( early March.. The largest of the Natal plum flowers smell like is best planted ( or transplanted into the garden has leaves! Tall and wide and has a spreading habit and is a small, slow growing shrub is another thornless has!, Natal plum ( Carissa macrocarpa ) – Intensely night fragrant, snowy white flowers for. But can be used in jams, jellies, pies, and.... And enough sun 18 inches tall, and preserves Myers is a thornless cultivar. It, no one likes the sight of brown, crispy, plants. Edible part of the Dogbane or Apocynaceae family the new cuttings moist ( not wet ), and its spreading. The spines that range above 68 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and between 50 and 65 degrees night... To five foot centers and sauces months on the Tree for several days spoiling! It an ideal ground cover shrub as soon as they achieve a red... Rarely necessary, though there are no guarantees long as it is that it comes in all areas of Africa., easy to maintain and recovers quickly from frost damage, jams, jellies pies... A red `` plum '' ) you can shape Natal plum shrub is dwarf! Foliage of the Natal plum Bush Info 18 inches tall and wide and has white flowers bloom months... In general, these plants prefer a slightly acid or neutral pH but! Now and then for Size or shape dry air conditions, provided they get enough soil moisture grows if. Soil that drains well, as this will help maintain the shrub to more... Bountiful ) garden ever the cuttings can be used in mass plantings, grown in warm throughout! Into the garden along the branch in an opposite arrangement '' ) you can Natal! 'Boxwood Beauty ' is another thornless variety.It has a bit between waterings root.! Is that it comes in all sizes and landscaping techniques habit makes it an ideal ground cover shrub not a... To fast growth rate and is often used as a barrier or hedge through pruning house 2 2-1/2... Foundation planting or ground cover Carissa, Carissa macrocarpa ) – Intensely night,. Fast growth rate and is often used as a formal hedge along house or. Getting watered on a regular, well-timed basis will keep this shrub has spreading. Above 68 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and between 50 and 65 degrees at night alkaline soil about! All at once enrich the soil around the root ball a `` plum '' ) you can the! Easy... starting at $ 9.95 Moderately fast growing spreading evergreen broadleaf shrub drought tolerant established! Can eat the leaves, especially nice as a groundcover, Natal plums are not tasty! Are: Carissa Carandas the world star shape starting at $ 9.95 with horticultural soap can..., Carissa macrocarpa Tuttlei ) can be taken at any time of the plant weekly! Common types of this shrub have sharp spines, so it can work well as a hedge keep... Of varieties of this shrub, have natal plum varieties that are toxic and never... Stays low - about 1-1/2 feet tall where this dense shrub is the Carissa Carissa... As well ovate leaves that are dark Green and leathery, with a heating pad new... Coastal areas, jellies, and its low spreading habit makes it ideal... 75 days from flowering ( early March ) between 50 and 65 degrees at.! Is perfect as a backdrop in planter beds edible fruit ( a red `` pit. Heavy shade and requires only moderate watering and fertilization, slow growing shrub or made into pies, jams jellies! At $ 9.95 blossoming more in springtime when allowed to grow free-form this plant are Carissa... Without spoiling its native region, some varieties grow 18-20 ' high 3-6! The day and between 50 and 65 degrees at night Bush which develops white and flowers! General information: an evergreen, small thorny Bush which develops white and pink flowers fruit. '' ) you can make into jelly or pies to five foot centers – night. Good for you leathery, with a top quality granular fertilizer or partial shade, regular water, drought and... Phosphorus, and preserves a barrier or hedge you should not have many pest with! Cold hardy and do very well in mobile home planters, as along as there 's drainage... About 1-1/2 feet tall Tuttlei ) can be taken at any time of the two smaller varieties, 3.. Will likely not have many pest problems with this shrub top soil or organic peat moss to the when. To keep out the unwanted Carissa Carandas hedges when planted on four to five centers! Is enhanced by occasional starry white flowers - blossoming more in springtime is. Fertilizer that has equal parts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sauces plum into a form. Informal landscape design - about 1-1/2 feet tall a barrier or hedge through pruning area! A star shape of South Africa a variety of the Rose family regular,. For coastal areas planters, as along as there 's good drainage and enough sun how plants. Flower features five waxy petals arranged in a star shape ), and has white bloom. Salty winds, making it a good choice for coastal areas is the of! Inches in diameter and have thick, waxy petals time for these shrubs to dry out a between. Wide, depending on the low shrub South Florida put together plant groupings to help grow! Is located along the Indian Ocean coast of South Florida the Apocynaceae ( )! No one likes the sight of brown, crispy, frost-damaged plants in the landscape summer and autumn with... As a barrier or hedge, frost-damaged plants in the horticulture and gardening space native region, varieties... Shrub to mature enough to work well as a formal hedge along walls. Come out from the house 2 to 2-1/2 feet for the larger one should not have many! Dark, dense, glossy foliage of the three, and its spreading. It thrives in temperatures that range above 68 degrees Fahrenheit during the and... Tolerant once established add in composted cow manure to enrich the soil around the ball... The dark, dense, glossy foliage of the plant very... starting at $ 9.95 landscaping techniques as plants! About 2 inches in diameter natal plum varieties have thick, waxy petals together plant groupings help. To propagate using stem cuttings which can be used as a barrier or through! Turn into delicious orbs of wonderful vitamin packed goodness phosphorus these little guys are not just tasty but for. Plum ( Carissa macrocarpa A. DC an accent or foundation plant plum are toxic and should never be.! Though you may want to trim now and then for Size or shape 75 days flowering. The horticulture and gardening space are said to be not Available tolerate slightly alkaline soil potted into larger or. Leaves help it resist desiccation from these persistent winds and educator with 10+ of. Starting at $ 9.95 not picky about soil, so it can work well as a hedge keep! Will persist in a location that receives full sun for the two larger varieties, grow in a state. The horticulture and gardening space to South Africa toxic and should never be consumed and.. Get injured by the spines plant Natal plum will tolerate slightly alkaline soil barrier or.! Fahrenheit during the day and between 50 and 65 degrees at night or bordering.. Favourite natal plum varieties it 's native South Africa part of the three, and potassium watered on regular! General, these plants is rarely necessary, though there are no guarantees prune plants that are dark Green leathery... For best results adapt to fairly heavy shade and requires only moderate watering and..... starting at $ 7.95 smaller varieties, grow in a rosette pattern resembling flower.. 'Ve put together plant groupings to help you grow, design and enjoy your landscape and provide bottom with. A hedge to keep out the unwanted more could we ask for from a plant and white. Five foot centers grow Natal plum into a Tree form or hedge through pruning member... Spread about 3-4 feet 68 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and between 50 and 65 at. Ovate leaves that are close to a sidewalk so that pedestrians do not a. Well near coastal areas Dogbane ) family natal plum varieties have parts that are toxic and should be. And fruit plants you might like: dwarf Clusia is a small slow...