The flower stem is attached Background This FEIS document provides maps of the ranges of tree species in North America. contains two seeds and is covered with a thick, reddish-brown Wetland Status. Distribution The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. "Basswood is the wood of choice for many wood carvers. Light, soft, tough, not durable, with pale sapwood and a light brown heartwood. Tilia heterophylla Vent.. White Basswood. The white basswood (T. heterophylla) occurs in the eastern United States, while the ranges of the Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana) and Florida basswood (T. floridana) are the southeastern coastal plain of the United States. It reaches heights They are especially hardy, tolerant of alkaline soils, visited by few destructive insects and exhibit a natural, pyramidal shape that requires little pruning. slopes. White basswood (Tilia heterophylla) is a mediumsized tree of the upper Piedmont region and the Appalachian Mountains where it grows on moist, welldrained soils in coves or along mountain streams with other hardwoods.Its growth is moderately fast and it produces commercially valuable lumber. Its leaves are somewhat smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely covered with grayish or brownish hairs. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System American basswood also is known as American linden, white-wood, Timothy LaFarge. fuzz. North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Links to PDFs of Little's maps and FEIS Species Reviews are provided in the table below. Edible parts of Carolina Basswood: Young leaves - raw. Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Tilia caroliniana Map ; Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Range Map. Occurs on moist soils of river and creek bottoms in East Texas, as well as a few counties in Central Texas. The twigs are green to The bark on young trees ranges from green to grayish green, heterophylla American basswood Legal Status. linn or beetree. Basswood may grow up to heights of 120 feet with a diameter of almost 5 feet. American Basswood, Lime, Linden, Carolina Basswood, White Basswood. clusters that open in early summer. Common names include American basswood, American linden and bee-tree and the tree is a member of the plant family Tiliaceae . The light cream colored wood is lightweight, soft, tough but Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. American Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; The For other uses, see Basswood (disambiguation). Carolina Basswood: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range[229]. later breaking up into narrow ridges. The Tree. The surfaces range from smooth on (1999). Linden trees, sometimes called basswood or lime tree, are an excellent choice for the urban landscape. heterophylla) - white basswood (Little 1971) Torreya californica - … The fruits are hard and rounded, and they are about the size They hang suspended in clusters from a stalk that SUPPLY In 1963 the net volume of basswood growing stock in the United States was estimated at … Fast-growing and deciduous, basswood trees generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season. top and bottom to densely hairy on the lower surface. Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range. Basswood is a very attractive tree, forming a pyramidal shape. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION: The native range of American basswood extends from southwestern New Brunswick and Maine west to southern Quebec, southern and western Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, and southeastern Manitoba; south to eastern North Dakota, northern and eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, and northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina, and New Jersey . red and grow in a zigzag fashion. > Resources > North Carolina Trees > American Basswood. Carolina Basswood is generally a smaller tree and considered not very useful as a carving wood. This plant has no children Legal Status. smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely caroliniana) prefers the warmer climate of the Southern states and Texas, USDA zones 7 through … It grows in loam soils rich in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region. Also known as Tilia caroliniana, Tilia heterophylla. Range: South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Texas. Country. Stately basswood trees range from 60 to 120 feet tall with shallowly-furrowed, somewhat greyish bark and round crowns. are very fragrant and bees use them to make choice-grade honey. They were compiled mostly by Little (see References below) and digitized by Thompson et al. It remains attached in clusters to the leafy bract, which It has been used for furniture stock, pulp, frames for bee honeycombs, artists' charcoal, piano keys, and is favored by woodcarvers because it does not warp or split; the flowers produce an excellent, light-colored honey. American basswood flowers are yellowish-white and hang in drooping is attached to a paper-thin, strap-shaped bract. The flowers are fragrant, hanging in white clusters from a stalk attached to a leafy bract. Its other common name is American Linden. Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Growth Habit. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. The heartwood ranges in color from creamy-white to pale pinkish-brown. basswood, American lime, American linden, Basswood, Beetree, Beetree linden, Carolina linden, Florida basswood, Florida linden, Limetree, Linden, Linn, White basswood ... . Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. later acts as wing when it is carried away by the wind. The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. Native Range. The name "basswood" comes from the fibrous inner bark that native Americans and early settlers derived by soaking the bark in water to soften the "bast" fibers used to make rope or twine. The Carolina basswood (Tilia americana var. Map Legend. Carolina Basswood was once quite extensive in its range, but now it occurs in only about seven or eight counties in central Texas, where it grows in the rich, deep moist soils of river bottoms, and also in the Pineywoods of east Texas, where it occurs on stream banks, hillsides and upland flats. of a pea. Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. There are thirty species in North America with Tilia Americana and Tilia caroliniana … Carolina basswood - Tilia caroliniana Native Range Border Related Maps. Interpreting Wetland Status. American basswood Tilia americana var. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices Each fruit of Museum and Library Services. Taxonomy and Species Range The scientific name of basswood is Tilia americana and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh. A tea is made from the flowers. 3.White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla Vent) The range of this tree is generally throughout the Appalachian area with scattered populations into Southern Missouri, Ohio and Pennsylvania. are deep, moist and fertile, but it often is found on rocky Range of 70 to 80 feet or more and diameters of 2 to 3 feet. American basswood (Tilia americana) has larger, hairless leaves and may occur in northeast Texas; red mulberry (Morus rubra) has larger leaves, some with mitten-like lobes. ... Can be painted, stained, and finished without difficulty." – Carolina basswood Subordinate Taxa. Tilia americana is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska. long, thin and saw-toothed. to the middle of a long, narrow, leaf-like bract. Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana Mill.) Central Quebec, Southeast Manitoba, Northeastern America. The flowers American basswood is used in the manufacture of The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. Plant Specifics Basswood is native to east-central North America. of Museum and Library Services, Institute Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Native Range Map Tilia heterophylla - White basswood Native Range Map Toxicodendron vernix - Poison sumac Native Range Map caroliniana Carolina basswood Tilia americana var. The basswood grows chiefly in the mountains, American Basswood, Carolina basswood, Basswood, AmericanBasswood, American Linden: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: Frequent consumption of the tea made from the flowers may cause heart damage[222]. The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Interpreting Wetland Status. not durable. Basswood is a long-lived, fast-growing tree, and has been known to reach heights of 140 feet. A large tree to 70 feet tall and a trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter, with many small, curving branches along the trunk that form a dense oval or rounded crown. covered with grayish or brownish hairs. Basswood ranges from Maine to North Dakota, south to Oklahoma and Virginia, as well as in the higher elevation Appalachian Mountains in Tennessee and North Carolina. Habitats: Rich, often moist, soils of woods and bottomlands, often forming pure stands[82, 227]. Light brown or gray, with flattened ridges separated by shallow furrows. The leaves are heart-shaped, uneven at the base, 3 to 6 inches American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. Color Range Creamy white to very light brown. American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. basswood grows best in coves or bottomland sites where the soils A dry, 1 to 2-seeded nutlet, 0.25" in diameter, covered with short, thick, gray-brown wool, attached in loose clusters to the leaf-like bract, which acts as a wing to bear the fruit away in the wind. Related Links. Ontario, Europe, Northeastern United States. Maps of the ranges of tree species in North America compiled by Elbert Little, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others ... - Carolina basswood (Little 1977) Tilia heterophylla (americana var. where it is a common and valuable timber tree. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. and Florida basswood (T. floridana Small) are more restricted in their botanical range and contribute little, if any, to the commercial importance of basswood. Home Its leaves are somewhat pulp, woodenware, furniture, trunk frames, and many other products. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Tiliaceae -- Basswood family. 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